Thanksgiving is America's preeminent day. It is celebrated every year on the fourth Thursday in the month of November. It has a very interesting history. Its origin can be traced back to the 16th century when the first thanksgiving dinner is said to have taken place.
Journey of Pilgrims
The legendary pilgrims, crossed the Atlantic in the year 1620 in
Mayflower-A 17th Century sailing vessel. About 102 people traveled for
nearly two months with extreme difficulty. This was so because they were
kept in the cargo space of the sailing vessel. No one was allowed to go
on the deck due to terrible storms. The pilgrims comforted themselves by
singing Psalms- a sacred song.
Arrival in Plymouth
The pilgrims reached Plymouth rock on December 11th 1620, after a sea
journey of 66 days. Though the original destination was somewhere in the
northern part of Virginia, they could not reach the place owing to winds
blowing them off course. Nearly46 pilgrims died due to extreme cold in
winter. However, in the spring of 1621, Squanto, a native Indian taught
the pilgrims to survive by growing food.
Day of Fasting and Prayer
In the summer of 1621, owing to severe drought, pilgrims called for a
day of fasting and prayer to please God and ask for a bountiful harvest
in the coming season. God answered their prayers and it rained at the
end of the day. It saved the corn crops.
First Thanksgiving Feast
It is said that Pilgrims learnt to grow corn, beans and pumpkins from
the Indians, which helped all of them survive . In the autumn of 1621,
they held a grand celebration where 90 people were invited including
Indians. The grand feast was organized to thank god for his favors. This
communal dinner is popularly known as The first thanksgiving feast.
There is however, no evidence to prove if the dinner actually took
While some historians believe pilgrims were quite religious so, their
thanksgiving would've included a day of fasting and praying, others say
that the Thanksgiving dinner did take place.
Turkey and First Thanksgiving Feast
There is no evidence to prove if the customary turkey was a part of the
initial feast. According to the first hand account written by the leader
of the colony, the food included, ducks, geese, venison, fish, berries
Pumpkin and Thanksgiving Feast
Pumpkin pie, a modern staple adorning every dinner table, is unlikely
to have been a part of the first thanksgiving feast. Pilgrims however,
did have boiled pumpkin. Diminishing supply of flour led to the absence
of any kind of bread.
The feast continued for three days and was eaten outside due to lack of
space. It was not repeated till 1623, which again witnessed a severe
drought. Governor Bradford proclaimed another day of thanksgiving in the
year 1676. October of 1777 witnessed a time when all the 13 colonies
joined in a communal celebration. It also marked the victory over the
After a number of events and changes, President Lincoln proclaimed last
Thursday in November of thanksgiving in the year 1863. This was due to
the continuous efforts of Sarah Josepha Hale, a magazine editor. She
wrote a number of articles for the cause.